Saturday, January 5, 2008

Polluted China

I have been living in China for 4 months and have wanted to write such a post for at least 3. And the recent discussions in Bali and particularly the reaction to the Canadian position, which is simply that “it wants all countries to be part of an agreement, including developing countries such as China and India”, have made it impossible for me to delay writing about it any longer. China has a HUGE pollution problem and anyone who believes that the world can be effective in dealing with global warming without including China in the treaty doesn’t understand the reality of the problem China currently has… and it is going to get worse before it gets better, because China also has the huge challenge of maintaining its economic growth to “feed its people”. The good thing is that it is starting to be discussed in great articles such as this 2006 article of the New York Times (the best I found on the subject). But let’s forget the stats for a minute, and just share a few very personal notes. The photo above is the view from our apartment in Xiamen, a 3-million habitant city on the coast of China, across from Taiwan. In the middle of the day. And not on the worst day we had there. On the worst day, the photo would have looked like a white-grey piece of paper, with nothing on it. And trust me, this was not fog!
This second photo is the way it looked on good days in September. We live there with the air conditioning on and the windows closed even when the temperature is perfect outside (25ºC) because the air smells bad. And it is likely not the worst city in China. A Time Magazine article was mentioning that: “The World Bank calls China home to 16 of the 20 most polluted cities on earth”. In a Wall Street article on “expat” living around the world, journalists from Beijing, Shanghai and Hong Kong were all stating that a negative aspect of living in those cities was “pollution”. You may have heard that Beijing is getting ready for the Olympic Games and plans to shut down factories around the city and limit car traffic for a couple of weeks before the Games to improve air quality during the Games, but you may not have heard that already now when an important dignitary visits Beijing, factories are closed and car traffic is limited. Beijing needs to hide the reality of its situation to the world.
When flying from Shanghai to Beijing recently, we also had a chance to see a little bit the magnitude of the problem: for the whole duration of the 2 ½ hours flight, the only thing we could see below us was smog...
The problem is so critical that it is now felt outside China: Hong-Kong, Korea, Japan and even the US, where it has been said that “as much as 25% of the air pollution in Los Angeles comes from China; at certain sites in California, as much as 40% of the air pollution comes from Asia.” (Los Angeles Times). I will let you read the revealing article from the New York Times, but will simply extract 2 quotes from it: “The increase in global-warming gases from China's coal use will probably exceed that for all industrialized countries combined over the next 25 years, surpassing by five times the reduction in such emissions that the Kyoto Protocol seeks.” and “Already, China uses more coal than the United States, the European Union and Japan combined. And it has increased coal consumption 14 percent in each of the past two years in the broadest industrialization ever. Every week to 10 days, another coal-fired power plant opens somewhere in China that is big enough to serve all the households in Dallas or San Diego.” … PS: Let’s not forget that China’s pollution is the developed countries’ responsibility too, as we all benefit from China’s low-cost exports to such a large extend… Food for thought… I would love to know what you think! Send me a comment.


pengyou said...

Le PS (à ne pas lire Parti Socialiste!!!) est juste et tout comme le problème des jouets intoxiqués, la responsabilité ne peut revenir à la seule Chine. Plus je lis sur la Chine, plus j'ai l'impression que c'est un pays qui est fier et comme toute fierté, elle est dangereuse. C'est comme une huitre que l'on brusque, elle se referme aussitot. Je suis aussi interesse de savoir où en est votre lecture du livre de Chieng.
zaijian - pas obligée de le publié

Amore said...

Very nice photo!
Found your site from Nikonians =)

Sébastien said...

You are now walking on very thin ice. I wouldn't want you to end up in an overcrowded Chinese prison! Be careful about speaking against the communist government! Any articles talking about when they will run out of coal?

Pablo said...

Hi! I had the chance to visit Beijing and Shanghai on 2007 and what you are saying is sadly true. Pollution in those cities is horrible.
Nice blog. Cheers,